10 karate

Karate developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Chinese. It was systematically taught in Japan after the Taisho era. In 1922 the Japanese Ministry of Education invited Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo to give a karate demonstration. In 1924 Keio University established the first university karate club in mainland Japan and by 1932, major Japanese universities had karate clubs.In this era of escalating Japanese militarism, the name was changed from 唐手 (“Chinese hand” or “Tang hand”)to 空手 (“empty hand”) – both of which are pronounced karate – to indicate that the Japanese wished to develop the combat form in Japanese style.After World War II, Okinawa became an important United States military site and karate became popular among servicemen stationed there.

The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase the popularity of martial arts around the world, and in English the word karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts. Karate schools began



Jujutsu (/dʒuːˈdʒuːtsuː/ joo-JOOT-soo; Japanese: 柔術, jūjutsu  listen (help·info)) is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon or only a short weapon.

“Jū” can be translated to mean “gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding.” “Jutsu” can be translated to mean “art” or “technique” and represents manipulating the opponent’s force against himself rather than confronting it with one’s own force.Jujutsu developed to combat the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker’s energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.

There are many variations of the art, which leads to a diversity of approaches. Jujutsu schools (ryū) may utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree (i.e. throwing, trapping, joint locks, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements,

Sport aerobics


Sport aerobics, or aerobic gymnastics,is a competitive sport originating from traditional aerobics in which complex, high-intensity movement patterns and elements of varying difficulty are performed to music. In addition to aerobics, it combines elements of sports acrobatics and rhythmic gymnastics, along with music, dance and choreography.

Nature of the game

The performance area is 7 metres (23 ft) square for juniors or 10 metres (33 ft) square for adults and for aero dance. Performers fit into divisions: junior divisions, made up of primary and secondary teams; novice divisions, including individual men and women; intermediate divisions made up of individual men and women, mixed pairs and trios; and elite divisions including individual men and women, mixed pairs and trios. A three-person team may be made of any combination of men and women in a trio. Step teams and general divisions also exist.

The performances are made up of the following elements: dynamic strength, static strength, jumps and leaps (power), kicks (dynamic strength), balance and flexibility. The routine must be performed entirely to music. Three exercises are mandatory: four consecutive high leg kicks, four consecutive push-ups, and a phase

How to Maintain Your Golf Cart

A golf cart is a particular thing that can complete your golf game so perfectly. This kind of vehicle will help you to go around the golf field faster. So then, you do not have to spend so much time during the game. Well, that is the main reason why you have to maintain your golf cart as well as possible. So, you can make your golf car always be a great vehicle whenever you are in action. But, do you know what you have to do to maintain your golf cart? In case you want to know the answers, you better keep reading below.

Here are several things that you have to do when you want to maintain your golf cart, which are: One thing that you have to do is checking and replacing the parts of your golf cart regularly. It is so much necessary for you to do in order to ensure that your cart will always work properly whenever you need it. So then, you will never feel upset because of the cart. In this case, it is a must for you to choose the best golf cart parts which are like

An Adventure Canyoning in Dalat

Vietnam’s Biggest Washing Machine

In Vietnam it’s tempting to hug the Eastern coastline and trot along the traditional tourist spots, but don’t forget to dip inland to Dalat, the capital of Lam Dong Province, where you can have a crack at canyoning like I did.

Canyoning safety the Vietnamese way

After negotiating a $30 fee (but somehow feeling like I’d been ripped off) and with South East Asia’s somewhat relaxed attitude to safety firmly pushed to the back of my mind I was soon dangling off the top of a cliff.

As I slowly shuffled back towards the edge I glanced over towards my guide(for guidance). Although he was friendly enough, his distinct lack of English did not fill me with confidence. My instinct was to grip the rope for dear life but I soon realised the trick was to relax and let it slip through your fingers; the further you lean back the easier it is to attempt a clumsy rapel down the cliff face.

After negotiating the first obstacle we paddled, waded and swam through various depths before reaching a small batch of rapids. ‘Let’s go around it’ I thought, but

Sandboarding the Giant Dunes of Namibia

Find Adrenaline in the Namib Desert

Swakopmund lies on the southern edge of the Skeleton Coast of Namibia, surrounded by the Namib desert, and forms a welcome point of civilisation for mucky travellers like me, who turned up after a week roaming the deserts. It’s famous for being one of the best places in the world for sandboarding.

Sandboarding, for the uninitiated, takes two forms. You can either stand strapped to a snowboard and plummet down the face of a dune, or lie on a piece of plywood and go down head first. I chose the standing, as that gave me a chance to try both standing and lying.

Leaving town at about 8am, we drove out into the desert to find the dunes. Getting out of the vans we were kitted up, and suddenly choosing standing didn’t seem such a good idea – the boots were incredibly hot and the temperature was already pushing 35C. Then we were informed that we would have to walk up the dune.

What goes up must come down

Reaching the top, exhausted but excited, we were taught how to wax our boards, and then told to

There More to Canada Than Just Skiing

So, Apparently It Doesn’t Always Snow in Canada. Who Knew, eh?

Don’t get me wrong; the skiing in Canada is, indeed, awesome. The world-class resorts and seemingly endless backcountry provide a bounty of opportunities for skiers and snowboarders alike. But if you only go skiing during your working holiday and see nothing else, then you’re missing out. I say this having recently finished three winter seasons in Canada. Maybe you’ve never considered travelling Canada or picking it over Australia for a working holiday because skiing or being cold just really isn’t your thing.  Let me explain to you why there is a lot more to Canada than that.

Some of the best scenery in the world

Those incredible views from the slopes that the skiers and snowboarders are always raving about…well, the good news is that you can see them in the summer too. The snow and ice melts come late spring to reveal thousands of trails for hikers to explore. If you’ve never really thought of yourself as a hiker, that’s OK. Some of the best sights are easily accessible, such as the picture perfect emerald coloured Peyto Lake in Banff National Park. You

6 Adventure Activities on the Gold Coast

A Dose of Adrenaline in Australia

With its abundance of theme parks, amazing natural scenery and seafront location, you’ll find adventure activities at every turn on the Gold Coast, Australia.

Jet boating

Jet boating is a lot of fun, especially if you haven’t eaten a three course meal before boarding. You’ll skim across the ocean at speeds of up to 90kph and perform ridiculously reckless manoeuvres.

Skypoint Climb

If you have a head for heights you’ll enjoy the Skypoint climb. Located atop the Q1 building – the tallest skyscraper in the Southern Hemisphere – you’ll be harnessed and given the opportunity to climb outside the tower right to the top.

Theme parks

The Gold Coast is full of amazing theme parks. Whether you’re riding the roller coasters at DreamWorld or plunging down water slides at Wet n’ Wild, you’ll have a great time.


The Gold Coast is one of the best places in Australia to do a skydive. You’ll have a birdseye view of everything: the city, the beach, the sea and the hinterland. Just make sure you open your eyes. And shut your mouth.


The Top 5 Things To Do in Nicaragua

Don’t Miss A Central American Gem

For a country that is bursting with history, colour, volcanic landscapes, beaches, mountains, cities, jungle, villages and much more, there are considerably fewer backpackers who yearn to visit Nicaragua than you may imagine.  Whether it is for a week’s vacation, a backpacking stint in Latin America or volunteer tourism, Nicaragua is a must.  With approximately 37 Cordoba to the British pound, the travelling lifestyle offers a lot for little outlay.

Here are 5 reasons Nicaragua should be on your gap year bucket list.

1. Sandboarding on Cerro Negro Volcano

Nicaragua has a very impressive natural landscape, and is home to 19 volcanoes, of which seven are active. Cerro Negro, translating into Black Hill, situated in the north of the country, stands 728 metres tall, just outside the colonial city of Leon. Beautifully tranquil, while boasting an essence of fierceness, Cerro Negro is one of the very few active volcanoes that are safe enough to get close enough to slide down on a sand board. Nicaragua is the only country in the world where you can sand board down an active volcano.

The exhilarating act of gliding down

Hitting the Christmas Slopes in Japan

The Festive Mountains of Japan

Hakuba was disturbingly deserted on first arrival. The rows of Swiss houses were all dark-windowed under heavy grey skies, outlined by the sharp white backdrop of the Japanese Alps. After arriving at our remote and slightly creepy Fawlty Towers-esque hotel, making snide cracks about The Glacier Hotel actually being a glacier, and bemoaning the lack of a kettle, we wondered where the life in the town was hiding. There was barely even a road near our hotel, but we were optimistic that there would be more life in the town centre.

First impressions

We had come to Hakuba, Nakano-ken, over the Christmas holidays, to avoid the homesickness that often comes with Christmas abroad. Skiing, snowboarding and partying would be our remedies for the lack of turkey, presents and family banter that we’d usually be having. Nagano Prefecture is best known for Nagano City, at which the 1998 Winter Olympics were held, though the prefecture has many other hidden highlights, far less well-known. Hakuba is one such place and despite its quiet first impression, the town has a wealth of ski-resorts and associated night life, as well as numerous idyllic outdoor

You Never Too Old to Hit the Slopes

The Adventures of a First-time Skier

As I waited nervously at Heathrow wearing newly purchased snow boots and a borrowed ski jacket, watching groups of people lumbering towards the check-in desk with designer thermals and their own skis, I wondered what I was doing.

I like to think of myself as a bit of an adventurer. I’ve hang-glided off one of Rio de Janeiro’s tallest mountains, volcano boarded down an active volcano in Nicaragua and almost been blown away during a spinnaker sailing incident in Mexico. Sounds like I have a taste for adrenaline, right? So why had the fear set in at the thought of hitting the slopes?

I’ve never skied. I’ve visited two ski resorts in my life, one in Slovenia and another in Spain. Both times I sipped hot chocolate and felt relieved I wasn’t flinging myself down a mountain. Most friends had grown up going on family ski holidays, and continued to go every year. Some had invited me, but I was intimidated by the idea of being a beginner. Plus, wasn’t skiing one of the most expensive hobbies you could take up? I’d always opted to save my pennies for

Conor McGregor moving up 2 classes to fight fill in Nate Diaz

With a lightweight championship fight off the table, Conor McGregor has opted to move up two weight classes and now will meet Nate Diaz in a non-title welterweight fight at UFC 196 on March 5.

UFC president Dana White broke the news on SportsCenter. The fight, which will be contested at 170 pounds, will headline the UFC 196 pay-per-view event scheduled to take place at MGM Grand Garden Arena.

The current 145-pound champion, McGregor (19-2) was originally scheduled to challenge defending 155-pound champion Rafael dos Anjos (25-7) on March 5, but that bout fell through when dos Anjos officially withdrew with a broken foot Tuesday. He is expected to be sidelined six to eight weeks.

McGregor tweeted that the two-class move for him is not a big deal.

Diaz (18-10), a longtime lightweight, is coming off a decision win against Michael Johnson on Dec. 19. Because the event is less than two weeks away, the two sides agreed to meet at 170 pounds rather than 155 or a catchweight. It will be McGregor’s first career appearance at that weight. Diaz is 2-2 as a welterweight.

Fighting out of Dublin, McGregor, 27, won the UFC


Archery is the sport, practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows. The word comes from the Latin arcus. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat. In modern times, it is mainly a competitive sport and recreational activity. A person who participates in archery is typically called an archer or a bowman, and a person who is fond of or an expert at archery is sometimes called a toxophilite


The bow seems to have been invented in the later Paleolithic or early Mesolithic periods. The oldest signs of its use in Europe come from the Stellmoor (de) in the Ahrensburg valley (de) north of Hamburg, Germany and dates from the late Paleolithic, about 10,000–9000 BC. The arrows were made of pine and consisted of a mainshaft and a 15–20 centimetres (5.9–7.9 inches) long fore shaft with a flint point. There are no definite earlier bows; previous pointed shafts are known, but may have been launched by spear-throwers rather than bows. The oldest bows known so far come from the Holmegård swamp in Denmark. Bows eventually replaced the spear-thrower as the predominant means for launching shafted projectiles, on every continent except Australasia, though spear-throwers


Sumo (相撲 sumō?) is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyō) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of the feet. The characters 相撲 literally mean “striking one another”.

The sport originated in Japan, the only country where it is practiced professionally. It is generally considered a gendai budō (a modern Japanese martial art), though this definition is misleading as the sport has a history spanning many centuries. Many ancient traditions have been preserved in sumo, and even today the sport includes many ritual elements, such as the use of salt purification, from the days when sumo was used in the Shinto religion. Life as a wrestler is highly regimented, with rules laid down by the Japan Sumo Association. Most sumo wrestlers are required to live in communal “sumo training stables”, known in Japanese as heya, where all aspects of their daily lives—from meals to their manner of dress—are dictated by strict tradition.

In recent years, a number of high-profile controversies and scandals rocked the sumo world, with a concomitant effect on its reputation and ticket sales, while also


Korfball (Dutch: Korfbal) is a ball sport, with similarities to netball and basketball. It is played by two teams of eight players with either eight females in each team or with four females and four males in each team. The objective is to throw a ball through a bottomless basket that is mounted on a 3.5 m (11.5 feet) high pole.

The sport was invented by Dutch school teacher Nico Broekhuysen in 1902. In the Netherlands, there are around 580 clubs and over 100,000 people playing korfball. It has a mixed-gender league and an all-women league, but no all-men league. The sport is also very popular in Belgium and Taiwan, and is played in many other countries. Mixed-gender korfball is more generally played in the north of the Netherlands, while all-female korfball is generally played in the south


Korfball has Dutch origins.[1] In 1902 Nico Broekhuysen, a Dutch school teacher from Amsterdam, was sent to Nääs, a town in Sweden, to follow an educational course about teaching gymnastics to children. This is where he was introduced to the Swedish game ‘ringboll’. In ringboll one could score points by throwing the ball through a ring that


Racquetball is a racquet sport played with a hollow rubber ball in an indoor or outdoor court. Joseph Sobek[is credited with inventing the modern sport of racquetball in 1950,adding a stringed racquet to paddleball in order to increase velocity and control. Unlike most racquet sports, such as tennis and badminton, there is no net to hit the ball over, and, unlike squash, no tin (out of bounds area at the bottom of front wall) to hit the ball above. Also, the court’s walls, floor, and ceiling are legal playing surfaces, with the exception of court-specific designated hinders being out-of-bounds.Racquetball is very similar to 40×20 American handball, which is played in many countries. It is also very similar to the British sport racketball (see below for a comparison).


Joe Sobek is credited with inventing the sport of racquetball in the New Britain Connecticut YMCA, though not with naming it. A professional tennis and American handball player, Sobek sought a fast-paced sport that was easy to learn and play. He designed the first strung paddle, devised a set of rules, based on those of squash, handball, and paddleball, and named his game paddle rackets.

In February


Fistball is a sport of European origin. It is similar to volleyball in that players try to hit a ball over a net. The current men’s fistball World Champion is Germany, winners of both the 2011 World Championships and the fistball category at the 2013 World Games.


When exactly the game of fistball was “invented”, is not known. What is certain, however, is that the roots lie in the southern part of Europe, perhaps in Italy. The earliest known written mention of the game is by Roman Emperor Gordian III and dates to the year 240. Rules for an Italian version of fistball were recorded by Antonius Scaiono in 1555.

In the 16th century the game experienced a renaissance. However, it was seen less as a game of competitive nature and more as a pastime for nobles and gentry.

In 1786, Johann Wolfgang Goethe mentioned fistball games between ‘four noblemen from Verona and four Venetians’ in his diary An Italian Journey.

It was only in 1870 that fistball was introduced to Germany, led by Georg Weber. The sport was mainly played by gymnasts and was soon seen as a gymnastic sport. Fistball

Canoe polo

Canoe Polo, also known as Kayak Polo, is one of the competitive disciplines of canoeing, known simply as “polo” by its aficionados. Polo combines canoeing and ball handling skills with an exciting contact team game, where tactics and positional play are as important as the speed and fitness of the individual athletes.

The game requires excellent teamwork and promotes both general canoeing skills and a range of other techniques unique to the sport. Each team has five players on the pitch (and up to three substitutes), who compete to score in their opponents goal which is suspended two metres above the water. The ball can be thrown by hand, or flicked with the paddle to pass between players and shoot at the goal. Pitches can be set up in swimming pools or any stretch of flat water.

The canoes are specifically designed for polo and are faster and lighter than typical kayaks which give them fantastic manoeuvrability. Paddles are very lightweight and designed with both pulling power and ball control in mind. Nose and tail boat bumpers, body protection, helmets and face-guards are all compulsory.


The birth of the modern sport could be

Rhythmic gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which individuals or groups of 5 or more manipulate one or two pieces of apparatus: clubs, hoop, ball, ribbon, rope and freehand (no apparatus). Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation. The victor is the participant who earns the most points, determined by a panel of judges, for leaps, balances, pirouettes (pivots), apparatus handling, and execution. The choreography must cover the entire floor and contain a balance of jumps, leaps, pivots, balances and flexibility movements. Each movement involves a high degree of athletic skill. Physical abilities needed by a rhythmic gymnast include strength, power, flexibility, agility, dexterity, endurance and hand-eye coordination.

The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG), which designs the Code of Points and regulates all aspects of international elite competition. The largest events in the sport are the Olympic Games, World Championships, European Championships, World Cup and Grand-Prix Series.


Rhythmic gymnastics grew out of the ideas of Jean-Georges Noverre (1727–1810), François Delsarte (1811–1871), and Rudolf Bode (1881–1970), who all believed in movement expression, where one used dance to express oneself and exercise various body

Artistic roller skating

Artistic roller skating is a sport similar to figure skating but where competitors wear roller skates instead of ice skates. Within artistic roller skating there are several disciplines:

  • Figures (similar to compulsory or “school” figures on ice)
  • Freestyle (individuals performing jumps and spins)
  • Pairs (a subset of freestyle with two people performing jumps, spins, and lifts)
  • Dance (couple)
  • Solo dance
  • Precision (team skating, similar to synchronized skating on ice)
  • Show teams

Artistic roller skaters use either quad or inline skates, though quad skates are more traditional and significantly more common. Generally quad and inline skaters compete in separate events and not against each other. Inline figure skating has been included in the world championships since 2002 in Wuppertal, Germany.[1]

The sport looks very similar to its counterpart on ice, and although there are some differences, many ice skaters started in roller skating or vice versa. Famous champion ice skaters who once competed in roller skating include Brian Boitano, Tara Lipinski, and Marina Kielmann. Roller figure skating is often considered to be more difficult because the ice allows the skater to draw a deep, solid edge to push off from when performing jumps such as a lutz or an axel. Also, roller